HomeCareer AdviceWhat is Management? Functions, Objectives, Skills, and Careers

What is Management? Functions, Objectives, Skills, and Careers

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Management is a term we hear all the time, knowingly or unknowingly, as it is part of our everyday lives. Let us begin by understanding the term management with a relatable example.

Think of management as planning a family vacation. You decide on the destination, book flights and hotels, plan activities, and ensure everyone has their passports and luggage ready. You might delegate tasks, like having someone research local attractions while another person handles the budget. Management is all about organizing, coordinating, and leading a team. Therefore, management is the art of getting things done to achieve a primary goal.

Similarly, in every business, whether small or large, effective management is important for achieving success and fulfilling defined objectives.

This blog will explore the different aspects of management. Here, you will learn what management means, the objectives of management, necessary skills, and most importantly, it will guide you through career opportunities that align well with management.

If you’re considering a successful management career, then this guide is for you.

What is Management?

Management is defined as the process of organizing, planning, and coordinating tasks to achieve organizational goals. It involves leading people, making decisions, and ensuring that everything runs smoothly to reach the desired outcomes.

The primary functions of management are:


Planning is all about setting goals and objectives for a business in advance and determining the best way to achieve them. This helps in creating a roadmap for the future to establish goals and find ways to accomplish them. Good planning helps the organization stay focused and prepare for any challenges that may arise along the way.


Once the plans are in place, the next step is organizing. This means arranging tasks in a way that makes the plan work smoothly. Resources can be people, equipment, and money. During this process, the function of a manager is to ensure that tasks are assigned to employees and that they are aligned with the jobs they are supposed to do.


Staffing is a management process that involves hiring the right person for the job. It includes various activities such as recruiting new employees, providing training and development, conducting performance appraisals, managing compensation and benefits, and maintaining employee relations. Overall, staffing ensures that the right people with the right qualifications are hired, trained, and motivated to contribute to the organization’s success.


Directing is like being the captain of a team. It involves providing guidance, supervision, and leadership to motivate employees to work towards the organization’s objectives. Directing requires excellent communication skills, setting clear objectives, assigning tasks, and inspiring employees to perform well.


Controlling is the process of tracking progress and ensuring everything is going according to plan. Managers regularly monitor how things are progressing and compare actual results with the goals set during the planning stage. If they notice any issues or deviations, they take corrective measures to fix them.

Objectives of Management

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Achieving Organizational Goals: The primary objective of management is to work towards the organization’s mission, vision, and strategic objectives, ensuring business growth and long-term sustainability.

Optimizing Resources: Management aims to fully utilize the resources of the business, including human resources, financial assets, and technological equipment, to achieve maximum productivity.

Ensuring Growth and Development: Pushing the business to do better at all times is one such goal of management. Focusing on driving innovation, adaption, and continuous improvement within the organization to remain competitive.

Enhancing Stakeholder Value: Management seeks to create value for various stakeholders, including shareholders, employees, customers, suppliers, and the community, by delivering high-quality products and services and generating sustainable returns.

Promoting Employee Engagement and Development: This objective is important for any organization to have a sustainable business. Here, management aims to attract, retain, and develop talented employees by providing a supportive environment. This way it boosts employee productivity and efficiency and helps businesses thrive better.

Read More: 10 Ways Teens Can Earn Money and Gain Valuable Experience

Levels of Management

  • Top-Level Management:  Executives responsible for setting organizational goals and formulating strategies (e.g., CEOs, presidents).
  • Middle-Level Management: Managers who implement strategies from top management and coordinate departmental activities (e.g., department heads, division managers, branch managers)
  • Lower-Level Management: Supervisors overseeing day-to-day operations and managing frontline employees (e.g., team leaders, forepersons, supervisors).

Skills You Need to Master the Art of Management

  • Leadership Skills
  • Problem-Solving Skills 
  • Communication Skills
  • Time Management Skills 
  • Analytical Skills 
  • Interpersonal Skills 

Management Career Options

jobs after management, job opportunities after management

Completing a management degree opens up various career opportunities across industries. Here are some potential career options after management:

  • Business Manager
  • Project Manager
  • Human Resources Manager
  • Marketing Manager
  • Financial Manager
  • Operations Manager
  • Sales Manager
  • Consultant
  • Entrepreneur
  • Healthcare Administrator
  • Information Technology (IT) Manager
  • Supply Chain Manager
  • Nonprofit Manager
  • Retail Manager
  • Hospitality Manager
  • Public Relations Manager
  • General Manager

The importance of management is vital for an organization’s success. It’s a multifaceted field with a vast array of career opportunities. Understanding and excelling in management can help you build a strong foundation for your career. Therefore, with this management guide, you can improve and adapt to drive business success and growth.

Apna is India’s leading career destination platform. If you’re looking for job opportunities in management, then Apna jobs are for you. Whether you’re seeking roles as a sales manager, healthcare administrator, marketing manager, or human resources manager, with Apna’s job platform, you can now find unlimited management career opportunities.

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